Chesley Pryor or Shadrick Pryor: One Person or Two, Please?

A blog is an evolving thing, much like a family tree. So I felt the need to circle back and look at the son of Edward Pryor of Overton County again. The last time I mentioned Chesley Allen Pryor or Shadrick Pryor in a post was 2013. That was quite a long time ago.

Edward was born in 1822 in TN to William Pryor and Spicy Taylor. It’s speculated that he was named for Spicy’s father Edmund Taylor.  Edward’s line is ripe with questions — were all of his children fathered by him? After all, some were born while he was hospitalized out of state during the Civil War and he and his wife divorced several years after his return.

Both AncestryDNA and male Y-DNA testing has led to the probable conclusion that Edward’s younger brother Chesley was “adopted” and not a Pryor or Taylor at all.

So, I didn’t easily jump to the conclusion that Chesley Allen Pryor and Shadrick C Pryor were the same person. It’s a pain to conclude that someone with different names is the same guy.

1850 Census: Edward and his wife were in Clinton County, KY. They had a one year old named Shedrick.

Then there’s no mention of Shadrick on the 1860 census nor 1870 census. In 1860 Edward and his wife Eliza were living in two different households. Eliza and two young daughters were living with the Gunters. Edward was living on his own. In 1870 they were under one roof again, however there was no son in the household.

The 1890 census for Pickett County, TN seems to explain where Shadrick Pryor was during part of this time. He was serving in the military: Private, Co. D, 1st TN Inf. If he was born in 1849 per the 1850 Census he would have been a young teen at the time of the Civil War. He married Miss Sarah Walker in Overton County in 1872.

The 1850 Census, a 1872 marriage record, and the 1890 Veterans Census are the only three records of Shadrick.

Chesley Allen Pryor, sometimes recorded as just Allen, appears on the 1880 through 1920 censuses. I obtained the Scott County, TN death records for both Chesley and his wife.

Scott Co., TN. Village of Robbins
Registration Dist. No. 47702. File No. 8
C. A. Pryor
Male, white, marital status blank, born Sept. 16 1850.
Age 73 yrs., 6 mos., 15 days.
Occupation: farmer.
Birthplace Tennessee
Father Edd Pryor, born in Tennessee
Mother Don’t Know
Informant: J. R. Pryor of Robbins, TN
Date of death: March 14, 1924
Cause of death “Don’t Know”
Place of Burial: Cross Roads. Date of Burial March 16, 1924.
Undertaker: J. R. Pryor, Robins TN.

Scott Co., TN. Village of Robbins
Registration Dist. No. 47702. File No. 25
Katherine Pryor
Female, white, married, born 1850
Age 70
Occupation: housewife
Birthplace Overton Co., Tennessee
Father Robert Walker, born in Virginia
Mother Story, born in Tennessee
Informant: C.A. Pryor of Robbins, TN
Date of death: January 8, 1924
Cause of death Pulmonary Tuburclosis
Place of Burial: Black Creek. Date of Burial January 8, 1920
Undertaker: none stated.

Chesley’s death record ID’s his father as Edd (or Ed) Pryor.  His wife was a Walker which matches up with Overton County marriage. Perhaps the clue is in the 1890 Census where he was recorded as “Shade C”– Chesley was a middle name?

Pryor and Tackett Surnames

 

While experimenting with the new Search on this website I found something that may be of interest.

In 1818 Philip Tackett, Section 15, Township 44 was recorded in Gasconade Co., MO. At the same time there was a William Pryor in Section 32, Township 44 (History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford and Gasconade Counties Missouri
Published by Goodspeed Publishing Company 1888)

The Tacket and Pryor surname was connected by marriage in Gasconade when Mary Pryor married George Tackett on 14 Aug 1828.

I’m wondering if there was a connection between these families in Tennessee. TN Land Grant 7912 described land being granted to John Prior in 1828 as bordering land he purchased from Philip Tackett (no date for that transaction). The Pleasant Pryor on the 1850 Census in Gasconade Co. is thought to be related to the the Pryors in White County, TN.

 

Will of Edmund Taylor: Fathter of Massey and Spicy Taylor Pryor

Will of Edmund Taylor, 1824 – Campbell Co., VA
(father in law of William Pryor of Overton Co., TN & John Pryor of Sumner Co., TN)
In the name of god, Amen. I Edward Taylor of the County of Campbell and State of Virginia, being sick and weak in body but of a sound mind and disposing memory for which I thank God and calling to mind the uncertainty of human life and being desirous to dispose of all such worldly estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with, I give and bequeath the same in the following that is to say in consideration of the love I bear towards my wife, Elizabeth, I give and bequeath unto her all my estate during her natural life after my just debts are paid, after that to be equally divided between all my children except Spicy and Massia, the wives of William and John PRYOR. I lend unto them their equal part during their natural life and after their death. I give it to their children in Testimony wereof (viz) I have herunto set my hand and seal this fifteenth day of July 1824. My wish is that Anderson Woodson Junr. to be my Executor.
Witnessed by Lefever Street, William B. Taylor, Charles Wright.
At a court held for Campbell Co., Nov 8, 1824, the within last will and testament of Edward Taylor, deceased, was produced in court proved by the oaths of Lefever Street and William B. Taylor witnesses, whose names are thereto subscribed and ordered to be recorded.
Teste. John Alexander CCC <Campbell County Clerk>

Note: Anderson Woodson md. Elizabeth Clarkson on 30/1/1818 in Campbell Co., VA. Anderson Woodson possibly the son of Robert Woodson and Rebecca PRYOR. Lefever Street appears on early tax lists in Sumner Co., TN.

Mrs Elizabeth Pryor b. 1832 of Putnam County: Death Record

Putnam County

Certificate: #28860

Deceased: Elizabeth Pryor

Birth: 1832

Birth Place: TN

Death: 20 Dec 1927

Father: Unknown

Father’s Birth Place: Unknown

Mother: Unknown

Mother’s Birth Place: Unknown

Cemetery: Martin’s Creek

Informant J. S. Mc Broom.

Elizabeth Pryor appears on the 1870 and 1880 Census in Jackson Co., TN. She was found in 1910 and 1920 in Jackson Co., TN. She was the mother of Adaline, Cricket, Sarah Bell, and Joseph Monroe. Sarah Bell married Robert McBroom.

Category: Tennessee Pryors

Charlotte Pryor Born 1816 in Mississippi

The following information on Charlotte Pryor, an African American woman born in Mississippi before the Civil War was previously published online.

Charlotte Pryor b. 1816 in Mississippi. I stumbled upon an interesting Pryor connection while looking at Pryors families in New Jersey census records.

In 1880 John Benjamin Pryor, formerly of Adams Co., MS was living in NJ. Several of his children were living in his household but an older daughter, Frances, is unaccounted for. I found the household of Thomas D. Day and wife Fanny living in Bayonne, NJ. Also in the house hold was a African-American nurse, Charlotte Pryor.

Mrs. Fanny Day was born in 1845 in MS and had parents who were born in VA and MS, wile Frances daughter of John Benjamin Pryor and his African American wife Frances Bingaman, was born in 1850 in MS with parents respectively from VA and MS.

I located Thomas Day and his wife Fanny on the 1870 Census living in Brooklyn, NY. Using the 1870 and 1880 Census their children have been identified as Mary Helen, Newton H., Thomas D. Jr., James Ingersoll, Francis “Frank”, William D., and Sarah. Charlotte Pryor was born SC aged 50 was also living with the family in 1870, as was Catherine Overton from MD (black), and Jane Lane 24 from VA (black) and an additional white family member named Emma Helm 24 from MS.

The only members of the Day family I can find in 1900 and afterwards are Newton H. Day and his brother Frank H. Day. On the 1920 and 1930 Census Newton H. Day was living in Hempstead, Nassau County, NY. Included in the household was his aunt Elizabeth Gill born about 1858 in the UK and according to the census she immigrated to the US in 1883.

Looking backward in the census records I found a curious connection between the Days and the Pryors. In 1861 John Benjamin Pryor’s daughters Frances and Henrietta were recorded on the UK Census in a boarding school with a British student named Rebecca Day. I also found Emma Helm on the 1850 and 1860 Census in Adams Co., MS. Emma was the daughter of John N. Helm and the sister of Fannie Helm who married Thomas Day on December 13th, 1859 in Adams Co. On the 1860 Census John N. Helm was recorded on page 137 and the household of John Benjamin Pryor was recorded on page 138.

A search of the 1850 and 1860 census did not uncover Charolotte Pryor, so it is assumed that she was not free until after the Civil War. While researching Charlotte Pryor didn’t lead to finding Frances, daughter of John Benjamin Pryor, it has revealed another story. It’s uncertain what relationship Charlotte had to the Pryor family in Adams Co. On the 1850 and 1860 census “J.B.” Pryor didn’t own any slaves that were her age, while his neighbor John N. Helm owned several. It’s possible that Charlotte had once been owned by the Pryors before being sold to the Helms. It’s also possible that she was Frances Helm’s nurse as well as raising her children.

The connection between these families is also questioned by Jane Lane, John Benjamin Pryor’s mother was Ann Batte Lane.

The history of these families connection in Southern slavery and there migration out of the South to the North during and after the Civil War sheds light on the complicated relationships forged out of this period of American History.

RECORDS:

1850 Census Adams Co., MS
Page 44b, House 141
Jno. N. Helm, 52 Planter, VA
Helen M., 46 MS (Helen Marie Timberlake)
Laura Helen Pattison, 21 MS
J. Newton Helm, 18 MS
Helen M. Helm, 16
Frances Helm 15 (Fanny Helm married Thomas Day 13 Dec. 1859)
Alice Helm 11
Emma Helm 11
Josephine Helm 8
Ada Postlthwaite 19
Mary H. Penfield, 22, governess, NY

Page 49a
Benj. PRYOR 39 VA
John Alison 18 AL

1860 Census Adams Co., MS
Page 137 (Natchez Twp.), house 991
John N. Helm 62 VA
J. Newton 28 MS
Emma 20 MS
Mary B. 18 MS
Laura Pattison 31 MS
William 9 LA
Margaret 8 LA
Alexander 7 LA
Newton 3 LA

1870 Census Kings Co., NY
Brooklyn, Ward 6
Thomas D. Day 49 OH
Helen 35 MS
Mary H. 9 MO
Newton 8 MS
Thomas B. 6 LA
James I. 4 MO
Francis 1 NJ
William D. 5/12 NJ
Charlotte Pryor 50 mulatto SC
Catharine Overton 22 black MD
Jane Lane 24 black VA

1880 Census Hudson Co., NJ
Bayonne City, 1st ward, page 13B
Thomas D. Day, fire insurance broker, 60 OH MA CT
Fanny 35, wife, MS VA MS
Marie 19 dau, MO OH MS
Newton 18, son MS OH MS
Thomas D. Jr. 16, son, LA
Ingersoll 15, son, MO
Frank 11, son, NJ
William 10, son, NJ
Sarah, 9 dau, NY
Charlotte 64, black, SC SC SC, nurse
McDonald ____? white 40 servant Scotland, Scotland, Scotland