Tag Archives: Revolutionary War

John Pryor and Robert Armstrong in Delaware

diggingforrootsNew info on a John Pryor. Remember “Old” Joseph Pryor from White County, TN? The guy who was associated with Robert Armstrong? (see post on Robert Armstrong in IL and see post on Joseph Pryor in Delaware). Well, I stumbled upon an interesting coincidence or perhaps a piece of information that will help White County researchers with their line– it’s a Pryor and a Robert Armstrong. This is a record from the Revolutionary War:

Return of Capt. (Isaac) Alexander, A List of Men Belonging to My Company That Neglected Attending On The Three Muster Days That Commenced The First of November 1778: List includes John Pryor, Robert Armstrong (from Delaware Archives, Volume 2 By Delaware. Public Archives Commission, page 782 — go to Google Books)

KY Pioneers Who Signed the Low Dutch Petition in 1783

john-pryor-bearcreekI looked at the KY pioneers who were signers of the Low Dutch petition for land in 1783 (see post), hoping to see if there were clues to where these men were living when they signed the document. One signer was John Galloway. I have a man by that name in my Pryor database, but is it the same man?

1780 Court Record – On 9 Mar 1780, “This court doth recommend John Robinson as Captain, John Galloway Lieut, and Thomas Carper for Ensign to a Company of Militia in this County. Also Joseph PRYOR Capt., John Crawford Lieut, and Hugh Allen Ensign to Militia Company in this County (Note: George Skillern was present, serving as a justice). — A Botetourt County, VA court record from ANNALS OF SOUTH WEST VIRGINIA

There were 2 John Galloways– each one served on the Virginia frontier.

#1 is the Lieut. John Galloway who is the man mentioned in the 1780 Botetourt County court record. He states in his Revolutionary War pension application that he joined Capt. Matthew Arbuckle’s company in 1776 and served at Point Pleasant or Fort Randolph. When his term of service was up he received a commission (the Botetourt court record) in the Milita that took him to the Battle of Guilford Court House, NC (March 1781) and later that year the capture of Cornwallis’ arm at Yorktown. There’s  no mention in his application of when and how he arrived in KY. He was living in Garrard County, KY in 1818.

My gut tells me that #2 John Galloway is the one who signed the petition of the Low Dutch Inhabitants in 1783.

  • He went to KY in 1781.
  • In 1782 he served under General George Rogers Clark in battling Indians into Ohio.
  • “1783 under Col Isaac Cox to he marched to Floyd fork & crossed it, ascended to Bullskin and marched to the Burnt station…, which had been Burnt by the indians two days previous who killy [killed] Neel Davis.” [John Galloway #R3877, transcribed by C. Leon Harris on revwarapps.org]. I did some Googling and found that Floyd fork was near Louisville and Bullskin may be Bullskin creek in southwest OH, today in Clermont County.

While it’s not 100% proof, it’s sounding like Galloway #2 and perhaps John Prior were both in Jefferson County in 1783. So I looked at other names. Amos Goodwin is a signer on the same page. He filed for a Revolutionary War pension (Pension Application #W2096) in 1832 in Jefferson County, KY.  He recounts joining  his unit at “the Falls of the Ohio” in 1780. Amos was 83 years old on the 1850 Census and was counted in Jefferson County.

6 or 7 Men Named John Pryor in Revolutionary War Service

Goochland Pryor Charts
I spread out my John Pryor chart again and added some notes about their Revolutionary War service, so I’m sharing.

1. “Major” John Pryor of Richmond

All the documents are pretty clear that Maj. John Pryor of Richmond [see post] served as a Capt. Lt. during the Revolutionary War. He has the most records by far. He served in the 1st Artillery Regiment, Continental Troops. Rank Capt. Lieut’n’t | Capt. Lieutenant. His pension file (filed by his widow with sworn statements from people who knew him) states he became William Alexander, Lord Stirling’s Aide de Camp.  The following notes are from his service records– where the records go “thin” there are letters I’m marked with ** that indicate where he was and what he was doing

Commissioned Jan 13. 1777
Oct 21, 1777
May 1778 / June 3, 1778 Valley Forge (Pennsylvania)
June 1778 / July 25, 1778 White Plains (New York) “Sick near camp
July 1778 / Aug 8, 1778 White Plains
Aug 1778 / Sept 6 1778 White Plains “Sick near camp
Sept. 1778 / Sept 9/1778 “Sick in the country
Oct. 1, 1778 Fredericksburg “Sick near camp” (Virginia)
Nov. 3, 1778 Fredericksburg “Sick near camp
Dec. 21, 1778 Camp Pluckamin Inn (a little Googling shows that there was a “Pluckemin” Inn in Bedminster, Somerset Co., NJ)
Jan. 16, 1779 Pluckimin
Feb 1779
Mar. 4, 1779 Pluckimin
Mar & April 1779, Apr. 30, 1779 Camp Pluckamin
May 1779 / June 3, 1779 Pluck/n “On command Lord Sterling”, additional note “Aid to Maj. Gen. Lord Sterling.”
July 9, 1779 Camp near Chester (Pennsylvania) “Aid to Maj. Genl Lord Sterling.”
Aug 14, 1779, Park of Art’y near Chester, Comd. Light Corps.
Sept. 17, 1779. Light Camp, “Aid to Maj. Gen. Lord Sterling”
Oct. 11, 1779. Light Infantry Camp, Kakialt “Aid to Maj. Gen Lord Sterling”
Nov 9, 1779 Art’y Park near Chester “A. D. Camp L’d Sterling”
Dec. 1, 1779 Light Infantry Camp, near Newark (New Jersey). Aid to Maj. Gen.Lord Sterling
Jan 24, 1780 Park of Arty Morris Town (New Jersey)..
Mar 7, 1780 Park of Arty Morris Town. “Furlough
Apr. 13, 1780 Park of Arty Morris Town. “Furlough
** Oct. 10th 1781 letter from Richmond to Col. Davies
Feb. 5, 1782 Receipt for pay
** Feb. 23, 1782 Pryor was a groomsman at marriage of Capt. John Dandridge (Dandridge’s pension application)
** May 18, 1782 letter to Col. Davies re money for materials for drums and fifes.
** July 13, 1782 letter to Col. Davies
** Oct. 26, 1782 letter to Col. Davies re cannon
Jany. 29, 1783 Receipt for pay
Appears on list of “showing Arrangement of the Virginia Line 1st January 1783 – “officer who wishes to retire
Jany 10, 1786 payment
Issued warrant 10 Aug 1789

2. John Henry Prior – NC

Pension application for David Barnett of NC states in 1781 “that he and three others hired a substitute for the eighteen months and paid him and got a discharge fora six months tour. The substitute was named John Henry Prior.

3. John Prior from VA, later GA

Pension application states in 1775 he was in the 10th VA regiment commanded by Col. Wood, then in the 8th VA Regiment commanded by Col. Posey. Signed his application in Burke Co., GA. Stated he had one boy and two girls. Marched to Charleston, SC. Private in Swearingen’s company in Col. Wood’s 12th VA Regiment. Taken prisoner at Charleston.

4. John Pryor, GA Service

Served in Georgia battalion of Continental Troops. Col. Robert Rae. April 1 to November 1, 1779.  This is the John Pryor thought to be from Wilkes County, GA, son of Edward Pryor. John died in Pike Co., GA.

5. John Prior or Pryor of Amherst County

pryor-mckeeJohn Prior of VA
Rank: Private
By whom received Wm McKee
Day when Oct 20 1787
Sum 33.6.8

The War ended in 1783– payment wasn’t received until 4 years later?

6. John Pryor the Spy

Paid by Gen. George Rogers Clark for spying in Illinois in 1783. Payment was issued out of Richmond, VA. I haven’t found any rosters that include this Pryor in Clarke’s regiments. I know I’ve read the speculation that he as a paid civilian scout. I know some researchers have melded John #5 with John #6 so we may be talking about one man or two. The same John Pryor who battled Indians in Kentucky (see post)? What do you think?

7. John Pryer of South Carolina

4th South Carolina, Artillery Regiment. Enlisted 28 April 1777. This Regiment was formed in Charleston in November 1775 and saw their first battle and saw their first battle in June 1776. Throughout 1779 into 1780 they were involved in skirmishes in GA and SC. An interesting note about this regiment is that they were captured May 12, 1780 by the British. The Regiment disbanded in 1781 before the end of the War.

1783 John Pryor Soldier In the Kentucky Wilderness aka Virginia Frontier

rev_war_man1The following is the transcription of the sworn statement for a Revolutionary War pension application that mentions a John Prior. It recounts events in 1783, about 10 years before Kentucky became a state. Hmmm, interesting tie-ins to Battle of Point Pleasant (1774) and Lord Dunmore’s War.

State of Kentucky}}
Campbell County}}
On this 26th day of November 1833 personally appeared in open court before the court of Campbell County now sitting William Thompson a resident of the state of Kentucky in the county of Campbell aged sixty-six years on the 22nd day of June last when being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress (proposed?) on the 7th day of June 1832. That he entered the service of the United States in the 15 year of his age as a volunteer under Capt. Baker Ewing1, Col. John Logan2 & John Sconce was sergants the names of the lieutenant and Ensign he does not recollect. I had just came to Kentucky and after my entrance into the Service we went in pursuit of the Indian and was rendevous’d at Pettit’s station3 on the head waters of Green River on the 1st day of February 1782 and from there we marked to Cumberland river at Price’s Cabbins (Cabins?) and crossed the river at that place after making a small canoe to carry over our guns and provisions and swam over our horses and the next day after crossing the river we came on the trail of a party of Indians who were making for their Towns, as they had been the settlement and had committed some murders and stole some horses, we followed the trail 7 or 8 days and overtook them on a fork of the Tennessee river and there we had a battle with them and killed 17 of them. 16 we killed on the battle ground and one was wounded and taken prisoner near one mile from the place of the battle, and Capt. Taris (Faris?) wounded the indian and took him prisoner, and the same night the wounded Indian attempted to make his escape and ran some distance and the same Capt. Taris killed him with his tomahawk. We had one man killed in the battle by the name of Thomas Gilmore and one wounded by the name of Daniel McCormick.4 Gilmore was a mapmate (messmate?) of mine and a near neighbor. We wereout this time one month and then returned home again. Then in the month of June I again turned out as a volunteer and had the command of the company to rance for one month and we marched to Russels (Russell’s?) Creek at Logan’s station on a Branch of the Green river and scouted round for some time and returned home without any battles this time. Then in the month of August in the year 1782 I turned out again as a volunteer under Capt. John Dougherty5, Col. Benjamin Logan, and crossed the Ohio river at the mouth of Limestone Creek and marched to the old Chilicothe Towns and had a Battle with the Indians there and killed several Indians and destroyed their Town and was out this time one month and a half. Then again in the year 1783 in the month of June there was a call sent from Col. Floyd6 to Col. Logan to send him some men to Bulletts Lick7 as the Indians were commilling? depredations on that place and Col. Logan sent me with the command of 40 men and we were out one month this time and we killed one Indian as he was in th eact of taking off the hoppler off a horse to steal him and the name of the person that killed the Indian was JOHN PRIOR8 and then we returned home again. Then in the month of August in the same year orders came to Col. Logan to raise a company of horsemen to be ready at a moments warning and I again volunteered and continued from the first day of that month til the last day of December making five months this time, making nine and a half months. In what I term my voluntary service, by this did not and my Indian warfare for I never failed to be at the port of danger while there was a savage to molest the country near where I was and I never received any pay or drew any rations only what the forest afforded and I know of no person that I can prove my services by at this time. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present one declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the Agency of any state or the United States. Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesiad in open court. Att. Jno N. Taliaferro clk
(signed) Wm. Thompson

1. Baker Ewing, from Bedford County, VA (see Ewing Clan website)

2. John Logan, served in Lord Dunmore’s War and the Battle of Point Pleasant. Does this help to identify the John Pryor in this transcript as the one who served at Point Pleasant? See Wikipedia.

3. Location of Pettit’s Station (Google)

4. Daniel McCormick is described as a cohort of Daniel Boone in Lincoln Co., KY history book (see article)

5. John Dougherty (Doherty) is a name on list of soldiers at Battle of Point Pleasant (see list)

6. Col. Floyd, possible John Floyd who was at Point Pleasant. (see John Floyd documents)

7. Bullett’s Lick, near Shepherdsville (see Wikipedia

8. Possibly the John Pryor at the Battle of Point Pleasant, see his brother’s pensions application (William Pryor). (See transcription)

Another William Pryor VA Revolutionary War Soldier

sgt William Prior signature 1777A few weeks ago I wrote out a list of the known Pryor men from VA who served in the Revolutionary War (see list). There are 3 William Pryors, one is the well-known William from Amherst County who lived long enough to file for a pension. I have more information on another William Pryor.

While looking for my Gregory line, I found a William Pryor who served in Capt. John Gregory’s 15th VA Regiments. William PRIOR was recorded as a sergeant on rosters starting in June 1777 through May 1778. Sgt. Prior also signed one of the rosters which makes me wonder if it was his duty to write out the rosters and pay rolls (see above).

Sgt William Pryor in John Gregory's 15th VA

Sgt. William Pryor 1777 – click to view larger

I love how the records intertwine with history! William Prior was on the rosters for almost a year. The Valley Forge website shows that this regiment was part of the troops that encamped there over the harsh winter we’ve all learned about in history class. This William Prior appeared on the rosters and payroll during that time. The Valley Forge website is also helpful in giving us an idea of where this William was from as it states the regiment formed with men from “Chesterfield, Brunswick, Southampton, King William, Nansemound, Princess Anne, Isle of Wright, Surry, Sussex, Westmoreland, Northumberland, Richmond Counties and Boro of Norfolk.”