Tag Archives: Samuel Pryor and Prudence Thornton

A Samuel Pryor Signature from Goochland County

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Samuel Pryor Signature

Samuel Pryor Legislative Petition 1780, Goochland county — near several Payne signers: John Payne Jr., George Payne, Archibald Payne. Also near Tucker Woodson, John Sutton, Turner Clarke, Mr.? Layne.

Is it Samuel Pryor who died in about 1763-1767? Nope. (Possibly married to Prudence).

Is it Samuel Pryor who married Francis Morton Meriwether? Nope. He died in about 1766 when his estate was inventoried.

Was it Samuel, son of Francis Morton Meriwether Pryor? Maybe. He was born in about 1762; he would have been 18 in 1780, which seems a bit young since 21 was the age of majority.

Was it the Samuel who married Mary Wimbush? Maybe, but again he seems a bit too young.

My bet is on it being the signature of Samuel Thornton Pryor, son of Col. William Pryor. His sister Sally had married Matthew Payne in 1773. This Samuel was likely born in the 1750’s so he would have been of age in 1780.

Anyone have a Samuel Pryor signature for comparison?

Another Samuel Thornton Pryor. Yes, Again!

I found that I had made notes of a Pryor estate described in a Chancery Court case. I remembered why I had put it aside. Yet another Samuel Thornton Pryor. Really, how many times could this name be used?!  I think I’ve got this one figured out.  The father, William A. Pryor, was a son of Samuel Thornton Pryor and Susan Hunter, and a great-great grandson of Samuel Pryor and Prudence (Thornton).

A summary of the Chancery Case:
Elizabeth T Pryor (widow of William A Pryor) vs.
John D Mills, etc administrator of William A Pryor
Filed in Goochland County, VA

Elizabeth T Pryor, widow of William A Pryor, who died intestate in 1862.
Survived by the following “infant” children, all under age 21.
William Miller, guardian ad litem
Charles F. Pryor
John William Pryor
James Henry Pryor
Samuel Thornton Pryor
Mary Susan Pryor
Rosalie Walton Mills
Samuel Jackson Mills
Betty Beauregard Mills
Robert Lee Mills

In 1860 William A. Pryor and his wife Elizabeth were in Goochland County for the census. His widow and children were in Byrd, Goochland County for subsequent censuses. The Mills family was also in Goochland County in 1860 — Rosalie, Samuel, Betty and Robert were young children.  Their relationship and why they were heirs is not yet known.

Notice of the Estate Auction of Capt. Samuel Pryor


To be SOLD at public auction, at the Butterwood Spring, in Dinwiddie county, on the first day of January next, About FOURTEEN very likely NEGROES, Part of which for ready money, the other part one year’s credit will be allowed the purchasers, giving bond and security. Also the whole flock of horses, cattle, and hogs, with the corn and fodder, working tools, etc. The whole is the estate of Capt. Samuel Pryor, deceased.
WILLIAM PRYOR, administrator.
All those indebted to the estate are desired to make immediate payment. They will have no father notice.
[Rind’s Virginia Gazette, (Williamsburg, VA), 23 Nov. 1769 , p. 4]

Who Are All the Kinchins and Pryors in NC and SC?

This may seem like an odd assortment of names but I’m sensing that these people are connected.

  • In 1750 Henning Ferette of Nansemond County, VA deeded to Seth Pryor of Edgecombe County, NC land on the Morattock River. Witnesses were John Pope and William Kinchen Jr. (Note: I think John Pope is related to Jacob Pope, first husband of Patience Lewis who married Robert Pryor, son of John Henry Pryor. I don’t have a family for Seth Pryor, but  he appears related to the John Pryor married Lucretia and was in Halifax Co., NC. John was the father of a Luke– possibly the Luke Pryor who went to Williamson Co., TN– and a Elizabeth Pryor).
  • In 1757 William Kinchen Jr. deeded land to Blake Baker in Edgecombe Co., NC. Montfort Eelbeck witnessed the deed.  In 1762 Montford Eilbeck shows up again this time he witnessed a deed that mentions property in Halifax adjoining John and Robert Pryor and Charles Smith. (Note: I think this is John Henry Pryor, his son in law Charles Smith, and his son Robert Pryor)

One of the few Pryors left that I have very little information on is Thornton Pryor, son of Samuel Pryor and his wife Prudence. Is Seth from the line of Thornton Pryor? There’s a Seth Thornton Pryor who died 1830 in Colleton Co., SC. His death notice was published in the Charleston Observer, stating he was 49 years old (born 1781).

I wondering about the other Kinchin names in other Pryor records.

1788 John Pryor purchased property in Campbell Co.,VA from John Kinchin.

1824 Mary Pryor married Kinchin Rambo in Barnwell Co., SC

Richard Pryor b. 1805 in SC named his son Kinchin Robert Pryor b.1843 in Edgefield Co., SC

Family Trees in the Works for Goochland and Henrico County Pryors

Goochland Pryor Charts

I know I’ve been hung up in Virginia lately and I’ve also been a bit “charty.” It doesn’t look like either of these conditions will be clearing up soon. I now have 4 Family Trees on my wall for Pryors who have connections to Goochland County. I’m still hoping that as I solve the puzzle of the Virginia Pryors families we’ll have answers for our Tennessee Pryor lines.

Why 4 Charts?

Why 4 Family Trees and not 2 or 6? I’m working off of lines that have been discussed in blog posts, lines that have source information that confirms a connection or alliance.  So far I’ve got the Goochland/Henrico County Pryors boiled down to 4 groups with the oldest known records in the 1720’s and the most solid information on individuals born around 1740.

Who are the Groups?

Group I – Samuel Pryor and Prudence (Thornton)
Records of a Samuel Pryor in Goochland County begin in 1735. Researchers have attributed Samuel as a son of Robert Pryor and Virginia Betty Green of Gloucester County– naming tradition makes this a possibility (Samuel named a son Robert). There is a disconnect in the records of Samuel and his suspected father Robert Pryor: Robert was granted land in Gloucester County in 1692– Are there later records of Robert? Samuel may have held land in both Goochland and neighboring Hanover County. Samuel witnessed a will in Hanover County in 1717 which if Samuel was 21 years old, could mean he was born in 1696 or earlier.

Group II – John Henry Pryor of Orange Co., NC
John Henry is connected to Goochland County by researchers who state he was a brother of Samuel (Group I) and a son of Robert Pryor and Virginia Betty Green.  Again, if naming tradition comes into play, John named his eldest son Robert and another son named Green. John Henry died in Orange Co., NC and because of the surplus of John Pryors in VA, I’m not positive that he is the same man on any document in VA. However, his son Robert owned land in Halifax Co., VA (later Pittsylvania County), his children married into the Perkins family from Henrico County (their spouses were niece and nephew of William Harding who was surety for Nicholas Pryor’s estate in Henrico Co.)

Group III – John Pryor (and Mary New)
John was first mentioned on a deed in 1722 in Henrico Co. Henrico is one of the oldest counties in VA– In 1728 Goochland Co. was formed out of Henrico which probably explains why thereafter this John Pryor was named in Goochland County records. John Pryor died in Goochland County in 1755 (per his will) and left only two living daughters. Although there were no male heirs he may have had siblings because Harris Pryor b. 1740 was a witness to John Wright’s will (son in law of John Pryor and Mary New).

Group IV – Nicholas Pryor
Nicholas Pryor died around 1746 when his wife petitioned the court in Henrico County requesting letter of administration (William Harding was surety, see Group II above). Nicholas’ children were in Henrico Co., and in Arbemarle County in the 1740’s when it was formed out of the northern part of Goochland Co. and in Pittsylvania Co.  Nicholas’ oldest children were born in 1710-1715, which means Nicholas could be the headright who obtained land Henrico Co. in 1688.

It looks like a lot less Pryors to contend with when they get condensed into groups.