Tag Archives: Georgia

6 or 7 Men Named John Pryor in Revolutionary War Service

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Goochland Pryor Charts
I spread out my John Pryor chart again and added some notes about their Revolutionary War service, so I’m sharing.

1. “Major” John Pryor of Richmond

All the documents are pretty clear that Maj. John Pryor of Richmond [see post] served as a Capt. Lt. during the Revolutionary War. He has the most records by far. He served in the 1st Artillery Regiment, Continental Troops. Rank Capt. Lieut’n’t | Capt. Lieutenant. His pension file (filed by his widow with sworn statements from people who knew him) states he became William Alexander, Lord Stirling’s Aide de Camp.  The following notes are from his service records– where the records go “thin” there are letters I’m marked with ** that indicate where he was and what he was doing

Commissioned Jan 13. 1777
Oct 21, 1777
May 1778 / June 3, 1778 Valley Forge (Pennsylvania)
June 1778 / July 25, 1778 White Plains (New York) “Sick near camp
July 1778 / Aug 8, 1778 White Plains
Aug 1778 / Sept 6 1778 White Plains “Sick near camp
Sept. 1778 / Sept 9/1778 “Sick in the country
Oct. 1, 1778 Fredericksburg “Sick near camp” (Virginia)
Nov. 3, 1778 Fredericksburg “Sick near camp
Dec. 21, 1778 Camp Pluckamin Inn (a little Googling shows that there was a “Pluckemin” Inn in Bedminster, Somerset Co., NJ)
Jan. 16, 1779 Pluckimin
Feb 1779
Mar. 4, 1779 Pluckimin
Mar & April 1779, Apr. 30, 1779 Camp Pluckamin
May 1779 / June 3, 1779 Pluck/n “On command Lord Sterling”, additional note “Aid to Maj. Gen. Lord Sterling.”
July 9, 1779 Camp near Chester (Pennsylvania) “Aid to Maj. Genl Lord Sterling.”
Aug 14, 1779, Park of Art’y near Chester, Comd. Light Corps.
Sept. 17, 1779. Light Camp, “Aid to Maj. Gen. Lord Sterling”
Oct. 11, 1779. Light Infantry Camp, Kakialt “Aid to Maj. Gen Lord Sterling”
Nov 9, 1779 Art’y Park near Chester “A. D. Camp L’d Sterling”
Dec. 1, 1779 Light Infantry Camp, near Newark (New Jersey). Aid to Maj. Gen.Lord Sterling
Jan 24, 1780 Park of Arty Morris Town (New Jersey)..
Mar 7, 1780 Park of Arty Morris Town. “Furlough
Apr. 13, 1780 Park of Arty Morris Town. “Furlough
** Oct. 10th 1781 letter from Richmond to Col. Davies
Feb. 5, 1782 Receipt for pay
** Feb. 23, 1782 Pryor was a groomsman at marriage of Capt. John Dandridge (Dandridge’s pension application)
** May 18, 1782 letter to Col. Davies re money for materials for drums and fifes.
** July 13, 1782 letter to Col. Davies
** Oct. 26, 1782 letter to Col. Davies re cannon
Jany. 29, 1783 Receipt for pay
Appears on list of “showing Arrangement of the Virginia Line 1st January 1783 – “officer who wishes to retire
Jany 10, 1786 payment
Issued warrant 10 Aug 1789

2. John Henry Prior – NC

Pension application for David Barnett of NC states in 1781 “that he and three others hired a substitute for the eighteen months and paid him and got a discharge fora six months tour. The substitute was named John Henry Prior.

3. John Prior from VA, later GA

Pension application states in 1775 he was in the 10th VA regiment commanded by Col. Wood, then in the 8th VA Regiment commanded by Col. Posey. Signed his application in Burke Co., GA. Stated he had one boy and two girls. Marched to Charleston, SC. Private in Swearingen’s company in Col. Wood’s 12th VA Regiment. Taken prisoner at Charleston.

4. John Pryor, GA Service

Served in Georgia battalion of Continental Troops. Col. Robert Rae. April 1 to November 1, 1779.  This is the John Pryor thought to be from Wilkes County, GA, son of Edward Pryor. John died in Pike Co., GA.

5. John Prior or Pryor of Amherst County

pryor-mckeeJohn Prior of VA
Rank: Private
By whom received Wm McKee
Day when Oct 20 1787
Sum 33.6.8

The War ended in 1783– payment wasn’t received until 4 years later?

6. John Pryor the Spy

Paid by Gen. George Rogers Clark for spying in Illinois in 1783. Payment was issued out of Richmond, VA. I haven’t found any rosters that include this Pryor in Clarke’s regiments. I know I’ve read the speculation that he as a paid civilian scout. I know some researchers have melded John #5 with John #6 so we may be talking about one man or two. The same John Pryor who battled Indians in Kentucky (see post)? What do you think?

7. John Pryer of South Carolina

4th South Carolina, Artillery Regiment. Enlisted 28 April 1777. This Regiment was formed in Charleston in November 1775 and saw their first battle and saw their first battle in June 1776. Throughout 1779 into 1780 they were involved in skirmishes in GA and SC. An interesting note about this regiment is that they were captured May 12, 1780 by the British. The Regiment disbanded in 1781 before the end of the War.

Another Pryor Y-DNA Match: News for GA, TN, and VA Pryors

Working GA MapSome big news for some of the Pryors — there is a new Y-DNA test result. This is a tester who can trace their lineage to Edward Pryor of Wilkes Co., GA.  I hope that piques your attention because Edward Pryor is quite a nice find. His son, John, is Patriot ancestor used by researchers for admission to the DAR. If John was an adult at the time of the Revolution how far back does Edward go?–Maybe pretty far back because he signed his will in 1796 (see will).

Thank goodness for an Edward Pryor because it’s refreshing not have to search for another John, William or Samuel!  I’m very interested in the Edward Pryor recorded in Henrico County, VA. Could he be the Edward Pryor in GA?

1. A Nicholas Pryor processioned the land of a Abraham Childress in Henrico County per a 1736 vestry entry.

2. In 1746 David Pryor, deceased, was recorded in Goochland County Records as having sons John and David. Abraham Childress was appointed guardian of the young David.

3. An Edward Pryor was named on a 1757 Vestry record with Lemmy Childers (another spelling for Childress), also in Henrico County.

I’m open to the possibility that this Edward Pryor is connected to Nicholas Pryor (a Nicholas Pryor was deceased by 1746 when a Susannah Pryor was appointed administratrix of his estate in Henrico County). In 1741 John Shoemaker’s deed stated his land in Henrico County was adjacent to “Nikolas Pryor” on Deep Run. In 1754 Edward Pryor was recorded on a deed between Richard East and William Buxton, stating Edward’s land was on Deep Run.  And Edward was still there in 1760 when he was recorded as the owner of land adjoining land William Price.

Time to get down to the results of the Y-DNA test.  The tester for Edward Pryor’s line connects with the tester from William Pryor of Campbell County, VA and Overton Co., TN on 12, 25, 37, 67, and 111 markers. They are a 105 out 111 marker match which according to FTDNA’s infomation, they are related within 7 to 12 generations. (see FTDNA chart)

The tester for Edward can trace their family tree 8 generations to Edward. The tester for William can trace their family tree 6 generations to William and with speculation, two more generations to John who may be the orphan of David Pryor who died in about 1746. Please note these are not family trees carved out of solid stone, but are meant to be guidelines for further research.

 

Atlanta Property Surveyed by Allen W. Pryor in 1845

The Atlanta Constitution (Atlanta, GA)

15 August 1910

LAND WORTH MILLIONS NOW SOLD FOR $41, MAY 3, 1832

A lot fronting 49 1/2 feet on Whitehall street, with 181 6-10 feet on Brotherton Street, has just changed hands, the consideration being $23,500

The lot is a small fraction of land lot 77 in the Fourteenth district of Henry county, now Fulton county, the same parcel of ground in which are located the old union depot, the Kimball House, the Atlanta National Bank Building, the Fourth National Bank, the Peters building, the Temple Court building, the Kiser building, the Fulton county courthouse, the state capitol, the St. Philip’s Cathedral, the Fulton county jail, police headquarters, the Gould building, the Inman building and the Constitution building.

LAND LOT SHOWN MANY CHANGES.

Land lot 77, either as a whole or parts of it has shown many changes since its metes and bounds were first traced by a civil engineer.  It was back in the early years of 1800 a surveyor made for record the first lines indicating the old land lot which has since figured in the land history of Henry, then De Kalb, and then Fulton county.

The original land lot had for its northern boundary line a straight shoot from a point in Edgewood avenue,  in an alley in rear of the Equitable building.  The line on the north ran directly west through the Western and Atlantic yards to Elliot street, where it turned at right angles to the south and ran straight south to Fair street, where it right-angled east to Capitol avenue, whence it ran north to point of beginning in the alley behind the Equitable building.

In the early part of 1800 the state of Georgia acquired from the Creek nation of Indians many thousands acres of land in what is now recorded as the counties of Dooly, Houston, Monroe, Fayette and Henry counties.  Subsequently an act of the state legislature authorized the governor of the state to convey in fee simple any parts of the land in the section of the country indicated to residents for homes and improvement.  In 1821, May 15, George M. Troup, then governor of the state, did “give and grand unto Benjamin Beckman, of Putnam county, his heirs and assigns forever in fee simple” the land lot indicated, then located in Henry county, and recorded as land lot 77 of the Fourteenth district of Henry county, containing 203 1/2 acres.  In the deed the land lot is fully described and its description conforms fully with the plat here shown.

SOLD FOR $41.

On May 7, 1832, Benjamin Beckman sold the full land lot to Samuel Mitchell, of Henry county, $41 being the consideration.  In the meantime DeKalb county was laid  out and after Samuel Mitchell bought it the county courthouse in Decatur was destroyed by fire and among the records burned were Samuel Mitchell’s deeds.  Mitchell was then a resident of Pike county, and through the inferior court of that county he had his title in the full land lot set up.

In 1845 Samuel Mitchell had the full land lot divided into blocks and city lots, the surveying being done by Allen W. Pryor, a civil engineer. As the surveyor was dividing the land lot into blocks Samuel Mitchell gave the railroads entering the city a right-of-way through it and deeded to the state of Georgia the city lots on which the present union station is located for depot purposes.   That portion of the old land lot given for depot purposes consisted of four city lots, each to be 210 feet square.  Before dying Mitchell sold many of the city lots.

Shortly after the death of Mitchell, Allen E. Johnson set up a claim to the property, asserting that Mitchell had never had any title to the land lot recorded as land lot 77 in Henry county, Johnson then secured letters of administration on the estate of Benjamin Beckman, to whom the state gave the original land, and from whom Samuel Mitchell claimed title.  The letters of administration were granted in Putnam county, and from the inferior court of the county, Johnson, as administrator of the Beckman estate, was given the right to sell land lot 77 as a part of the estate of Benjamin Beckman.  The Mitchell heirs fought the order of sale in DeKalb courts and the legal controversy was adjusted when Johnson, administrator of the Beckman estate, passed, by deed the title to Jane Mitchell, administratrix of Samuel Mitchell, the consideration being $500.

SOLD TO DOONIN.

In 1849 the Mitchell estate, by Jane L. Mitchell, administratix, deeded city lots 1, 2 and 4, in block 29, in land lot 77 to Terrance Doonin, from whom it came to Jane Sullivan for $3,660.  In 1862 the title to the city lot, fronting Whitehall street 150 feet and a fraction was in Willis P. Chisholm and his wife, M. B. Chisholm by whom it was transferred to the late W. H. Brotherton.  In 1856 the lot was sold at public sale by John H. Jones, administrator of Mrs. Emilie C. Caldwell, to Aaron Haas, the frontage then being 49 feet and a fraction for $3,475.  In 1891 it went from Aaron Haas to Solomon Haas and Isaac G. Haas for $14,000.  In 1908 Isaac G. Haas sold the lot to J. J. and J. W. Mangham of Griffin, for $16,000.  Last week Charles S. Robinson, of Atlanta, well-known furniture dealer, bought the lot from J.J. and J. W. Mangham for $23,000.

Mr. Robinson is at present holding the property and may later improve it.  On the lot there is a brick store and a residence.

Category: Georgia Pryors | Tags: ,

Edward Pryor of Wilkes Co., GA – Born Before 1740

Signature Edward Pryor

Thanks again to our Georgia researcher — we have the will (dated 1796) of Edward Pryor of Wilkes and Oglethrope Counties in GA. My last post discussed his land survey. Rather than post the photo copy of his will which is a bit hard to read, I’m posting a transcript. From the will we can confirm this is the Edward Pryor who’s land was near “Tatum’s Land” on the survey– in the will Edward identifies his neighbor as Peter Tatum. Edward also states his wife was Mary and identifies his 3 sons according to age as John (the oldest), Obediah, and Allen the youngest.

Can we tell when he was born? He states he was of “an Infirm age” — how old was that in 1796? If he was born in 1746 he may have been 50. If he was born in 1726 he may have been 70.  Yep, Edward Pryor may be from waaaaaaaay back.

He refers to Allen as his youngest son. I suspect Allen Pryor is the Allen Pryor  (b. 1771-1780) who  was on the 1830 Census in Obion Co., TN.  Perhaps Henry Pryor (b. 1810 in GA) from the 1850 Census of Obion Co. , is his son. Then is Allen Pryor (b. 1775-1794) on the 1820 Census in Rutherford Co., TN the same man? Allen’s age may be a clue to Edward’s age– If Allen were born between 1775-1780, then it’s likely that Edward was was born before 1760, so how long before is the question.

When were his sons born? I think the rules of getting land in Georgia are interesting. “Beginning in 1783 a head of household living in Georgia could be granted 200 acres of land on his own head-right and fifty acres for each additional family member, including slaves, up to 1000 acres.” Edward had 300 acres on his 1789 survey and in 1796 when he gifted the land to his sons. That would be 200 acres for him, 50 acres for his wife Mary, and another 50 acres perhaps for his son Allen who if he’s the same man in the TN records, was 9 to 14 years old when Edward got his land. Edward’s oldest son, John Pryor, has been identified as a Revolutionary War vet. He would be have been born about 1763 or earlier.

Where was Edward before coming to GA? I suspect he was the Edward Pryor recorded on the 1784 Tax List in Pittsylvania County, VA. Oh no, back to Pittsylvania County? Yup! There’s more about this connection in my next post.

When did Edward die? He appears to have still been living in 1798 when he was on the Oglethorpe Co., GA tax list.

While exploring the names in this document,  Jeremiah Lindsey is mentioned in an application for a Revolutionary War Pension. Henry Talley of Newton Co., GA had served through Virginia as a substitute for his uncle Jeremiah Lindsey. https://revwarapps.org/w4350.pdf. A researcher has posted information on Lindsey’s will online archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/LINDSAY/2006-07/1152631375

Transcript of Edward’s Indenture

345

This certifies to all whom it may concern that I Edward Pryor being of an Infirm age do Give & bequeath all my Real Estate on the following Terms. First of all I give to my oldest son John Pryor one hundred acres of Land being more or less according to the Description herein mentioned. The said land being Bounded on the South side by the Augusta Road & by a branch on the West side and by Peter Brook’s land on the East Side.

Next I give to my son Obediah Pryor one hundred Acres of Land being a part of the Said Tract more or less according to the boundaries herein mentioned the said Land being Bounded on the North side by the Augusta Road & on the East side by a branch & on the West Side by Jeremiah Linsey’s* land & by William Elay’s land on the North side & lastly. I give to my  youngest Son Allen Pryor One Hundred Acres  o f Land the same where I now live being a part of the same Tract & lying on the South side of the Augusta Road joining of Lands belonging to the heirs of Peter Tatum Dec’d which said Lands I give to the said John, Obediah, & Allen to them & their heirs forever. But still it is to be for the use & behoofs of the above mentioned Edward Pryor & Mary his wife During their natural lives to possess and enjoy the said three hundred acres of Land without Interruption or Constrains and should the said Edward Pryor Die before his wife then shall his wife (next page)

Then shall his wife Enjoy the said land and premises In like manner as tho the said Edward Pryor was still living and should Edward Pryor shall enjoy the said in like manner but after the Decease of Both the said Edward & Mary his wife then the said three hundred acres of Land shall be to the ___? Use & behoof of the said John, Obediah & Allen as above mentioned to them & their heirs for Ever and for myself I do hereby utterly revoke all other Gift or Gifts, will or wills whatsoever & this only to be taken & allowed as my last & only Gift of the said Lands to the said John Obediah, & Allen  and in Testimony hereof I have set my hand and seal this 20th day of January in the year of our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred & ninety six. Signed  sealed and Delivered in the presence of
T. Shropshire
Bazel Swan
and Jno. Fluker
Signed
Edward Pryor (his mark X)

Richard and Mourning Pryor: A Georgia Connection, A Tatum, and Edward Pryor

GA Survey for Edward Pryor and Peter TatumIt’s time to re-visit Howell Tatum who was involved in several deeds with Richard Pryor and his widow Mourning Pryor White in Middle Tennessee. I think I’ve found a connection to another Pryor family. When I looked at Howell Tatum in the past and discussed him with other researchers I was told the he was just a guy who had received a boodle of land in TN after the Revolution. But what if there is another connection to the Pryors? Here we go…

A Pryor researcher has provided a survey (see above) of land in Wilkes County, GA. The survey was done in 1788 for plot number 679 for Edward Prier (sic).  Edward’s 300 acres bordered “Tatum’s Land” (see bottom of the survey map). The 1791 Tax List for Wilkes County, GA provides the next clues.  It includes Edward Prier, Howell Tatum, and Peter Tatum.

I’ve looked at several online family trees that show Howell Tatum as a son of Peter Tatum and Rebecca Howell. In these trees researchers also show Peter as also the father of Epps Tatum who married Sukie Pryor. Last week I posted about Benjamin Catching who was on a 1785 deed in Wilkes County, GA with an Edward Pryor and Peter Tatum.  Well, that’s interesting!

So I’ve separated out records involving Pryors and Howell Tatum. It should be noted that the Howelll Tatum who’s the primary man of interest is of an age to have served in the Revolutionary War. His brother, James, served in 1775 (see application https://revwarapps.org/s39102.pdf) — Howell Tatum also applied for a pension, so he may have been born in the 1750’s or 1760’s. There is a younger Howell Tatum (“Holewell Tatum”) in Rutherford County in 1820, so perhaps some of the records pertain to one or the other. Online family trees show Sukie Pryor Tatum as the mother of a Howell Tatum, so perhaps the younger Howell is a nephew. Figuring out who is whom may take some sifting.

NOTES OF RECORDS

1791, Sumner Co., TNWilliam Pryor bought land from William Fort and Howell Tatum (land bordered John Pryor and John Hannah. John Pryor in Jan. 1791 was bonded in a Sumner Co. court case involving John Cotton and Howell Tatum.

1802- Smith Co., TN – Thomas White & Mourning White (formerly Mourning Prior[sic]) Administrator & Administratrix of Richard Pryor decd. of Logan County & State of Kentucky of the one part and James Ewing of Smith County & State of Tennessee of the other part Witnesseth, that whereas in the life time of the said Richard Pryor Decd. he bound himself by his Writing Obligatory in the penal Sum of two hundred pounds to Execute a Deed valid in Law to William Pryor four [sic] hundred Acres of Land his choice of twelve hundred & Eighty Acres, part of Tract of three thousand acres lying on the Caney fork of Cumberland River, formerly the property of Howel Tatum…

1803, Wilson Co., TNHowell Tatum is on the 1803 Tax List for Wilson Co., TN (no ages notes on tax list)

1806, Logan Co., KY – John Prier Jr. of Logan Co deeded 376 acres on the Caney Fork of the Cumberland (in TN) to Stephen Cantrell of Smith County, TN on 27 Mar 1806. Deed states land previously belonged to Howell Tatum. Wit. James Ewing.

1812 Davidson Co., TN – Howell Tatum married Rosannah Wendel (see his Revolutionary War Pension  https://revwarapps.org/r2027.pdf).

1818 Davidson Co., TNHowell Tatum made an oath in Davidson County as a witness to James Tatum’s application for a Revolutionary War Pension. Howell Tatum not only received land but also applied for a Revolutionary War pension (see https://revwarapps.org/r2027.pdf).

1820 Rutherford Co., TN — On the census, Allen Prior 210110 – 10010 (oldest male 26 to 45 years, born between 1775-1794). On the same page with Allen Pryor is a James S. Hannah. Also in Rutherford Co. was a Howell Tatum (he was no older than 44, so he does not appear to be old enough to be a Revolutionary War vet). This may be Allen Pryor, son of Edward Pryor of Wilkes Co., GA. Allen Pryor was in Obion Co., TN by the 1830 Census.

1822 – Howell Tatum died (per witness in his Revolutionary War pension application file).

Are you thinking what I’m thinking? — Is Richard Pryor of Greene County, TN and Logan Co., KY related to these Pryors in GA? There’s a possibility with this connection through Howell Tatum. Tatum served through NC. Greene County, TN is known as an entry point to TN for men who served through NC.

Hope this fuels your Pryor research!